2019年6月30日 星期日

Your Monday Briefing

Monday, July 1, 2019 | View in browser
Good morning.
We’re covering President Trump’s historic encounter in North Korea, a fragile trade truce between the U.S. and China, and Hong Kong’s tense handover anniversary.
By Alisha Haridasani Gupta
President Donald Trump and North Korean Leader Kim Jung-un on the North Korean side of the Demilitarized Zone.  Erin Schaff/The New York Times

Trump briefly enters North Korea, a first

With 20 steps and a handshake on Sunday, President Trump became the first sitting American president to enter North Korea.
After posing for photos with North Korea’s leader, Kim Jong-un, and then recrossing to South Korea for an hourlong bilateral meeting — marked by a chaotic scrum between Mr. Kim’s security team and Western reporters — Mr. Trump announced that the two leaders would restart stalled nuclear talks. He also said he would invite Mr. Kim to visit the White House.
How it happened: Barely 24 hours earlier, Mr. Trump had made a surprise announcement on Twitter, saying he would meet Mr. Kim at the heavily fortified Demilitarized Zone “just to shake his hand and say Hello.”
That tweet morphed into what is widely seen as a symbolic moment of reconciliation.
Analysis: For Mr. Trump, the moment provides a handy storyline for his re-election campaign. And, while many experts are convinced that Mr. Kim will never give up his nuclear arsenal, this brief meeting may boost the North Korean leader’s standing at home and motivate him to reach an agreement.

The U.S. and China call a trade truce. For now.

At the G20 summit in Osaka, Japan, President Trump and President Xi Jinping agreed to resume trade talks, averting for the moment an escalation of their multibillion-dollar tariff war.
Mr. Trump promised to hold off on new tariffs but left current ones in place. He said he would lift some restrictions on Huawei, the Chinese technology giant that has been thrust into the center of the trade dispute.
Analysis: A day after the fragile truce was announced, Mr. Trump and his top advisers said there was no timeline for reaching a deal and that the two sides remained as far apart as they were when earlier negotiations broke down in May, raising questions about whether the president was giving away too much too soon.
G20: Much of the action took place on the sidelines, including President Trump’s lavish praise of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman of Saudi Arabia as a reformer, despite evidence that he directed the murder of the dissident journalist Jamal Khashoggi. The summit’s final statement made clear that climate change remained an area of contention.
China and Hong Kong flags on display to mark the handover anniversary in 2017.  Kin Cheung/Associated Press

Hong Kong marks handover amid tensions

Today, 22 years since Hong Kong was returned to China, the semiautonomous city is braced for more anti-government protests.
Large numbers of people are expected to turn out for the fourth time in a month.
Reminder: Last month, millions of people demonstrated against a proposed extradition bill that would extend Beijing’s reach into the territory, prompting Hong Kong’s government to suspend it. Protesters want it fully withdrawn, and many are demanding an investigation into the police force, which they accuse of using excessive force.
Watch: The Times reviewed hundreds of videos and photos of police interventions against protesters, and spoke to experts in crowd control. Here’s what the evidence shows.
History: On this day in 1997, the British returned Hong Kong to China after more than a century of colonial rule. China promised to maintain “one country, two systems” to protect Hong Kong’s free press, independent courts and thriving financial system for 50 years. But recent events have thrown that promise into doubt.

Progeny of ISIS fighter to return to Australia

The six children and grandchildren of Khaled Sharrouf, a notorious fighter with the terrorist group, have been removed from a Syrian camp and will return to Australia soon.
Their return is the result of a campaign by Mr. Sharrouf’s mother-in-law, Karen Nettleton, who spent five years searching for the orphaned children and pressuring the government to rescue them.
Hurdles ahead: Australian authorities are grappling with how to reintegrate the children — who were exposed to the Islamic State’s brutality — back into society, the same question that has vexed governments around the world, as thousands of children languish in camps.
Reminder: One of the Sharrouf children, a boy now believed to be dead, grabbed global headlines after he was photographed holding a severed head.

If you have 8 minutes, this is worth it

A species at risk, for lipstick and chocolate

Hope at the Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Programme's quarantine facility in Indonesia.  Bryan Denton for The New York Times
Doctors at a rehabilitation center on the island of Sumatra named her Hope. She had been shot 74 times, and blinded. Her months-old baby was ripped away. She is recovering, but when she hears orphaned orangutans at the center cry, she curls into the fetal position.
She is one of the many orangutans — a critically endangered animal — in Indonesia and Malaysia whose habitat and food sources have fallen victim to global demand for palm oil, used in myriad products. The purpose of the final assault on Hope: to sell her baby.
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Here’s what else is happening

Vietnam: The country signed a trade agreement with the E.U. on Sunday that would eliminate 99 percent of tariffs on goods and services flowing between the two markets — part of the E.U.’s efforts to reach free trade agreements with more countries to counter President Trump’s increasingly protectionist policies.
Skripal case: A senior Russian intelligence officer coordinated the nerve agent attack in Britain on Sergei Skripal from a hotel in London, the investigative group Bellingcat found, citing new evidence that casts further doubt on Moscow’s claims that it had no involvement in the attack.
OPEC: Officials from the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries will begin two days of meetings today in Vienna, where they will likely to agree to continue cutting back on oil production in an attempt to drive up prices.
Boeing: The U.S. Justice Department has expanded its investigation into the aircraft manufacturer’s 737 Max jet to include the production of its 787 Dreamliner jet, according to two people familiar with the matter. In April, The Times detailed allegations of flawed quality control and security lapses at the Dreamliner production plant in South Carolina.
Italy: A protracted standoff between a ship carrying 40 rescued migrants and the Italian government ended over the weekend, when the vessel docked at the Mediterranean island of Lampedusa and the captain was arrested.
U.S. presidential race: The Democratic debates last week made clear that leading candidates are embracing drastic, liberal policy changes — from eliminating private health insurance to decriminalizing illegal immigration.
Brittainy Newman/The New York Times
Snapshot: Above, the annual Pride March in New York City, which drew millions to the city in what is considered a capstone event of the global WorldPride festival.
Women’s World Cup: Megan Rapinoe, the U.S. team midfielder, and her teammates are refreshingly bold about demanding excellence from themselves and equitable treatment from others, our sports reporter writes. The U.S. plays England and the Netherlands faces Sweden in the semifinals this week.
What we’re listening to:This Is Uncomfortable,” a new podcast by the producers of Marketplace. Lance Booth, a photo editor, writes: “The host, Reema Khrais, looks at the personal impact of money issues — such as how to balance a relationship when one person has debt and the other doesn’t — and highlights how weirdly uncomfortable it is to talk to loved ones about money.”
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Now, a break from the news

Andrew Scrivani for The New York Times
Cook: Make butter tarts, and celebrate Canada Day no matter where you are.
Go: To make the actors comfortable, the director of “Frankie and Johnny” brought in an expert in staging sex scenes — Broadway’s first.
Watch: Lila Avilés’s first feature film, “The Chambermaid,” finds pathos and a hint of magic in the routines of a young hotel worker.
Read: In “Assad or We Burn the Country,” Sam Dagher draws on history, interviews and his own experience as a reporter in Syria to depict an utterly ruthless regime. It’s one of 12 books we recommend this week.
Smarter Living: Learning to recover from failure is a skill like any other. When you’ve fallen down, try a little self-compassion. Remind yourself you aren’t alone — everybody fails from time to time. And imagine what you’d say to a friend in the same situation. Rachel Simmons, the author of “Enough as She Is: How to Help Girls Move Beyond Impossible Standards of Success to Live Healthy, Happy, and Fulfilling Lives,” offers more ideas in our Working Woman’s Handbook.
And we’ve got some tips on how to find the best deals on hotel rates.

And now for the Back Story on …

Portable music

Masaru Ibuka just wanted to listen to his favorite opera music on business trips. Back in 1979, he didn’t have many options — there was no stereo audio device small enough to be practical on a plane.
But since he was the co-founder of Sony, Mr. Ibuka could get what he wanted. So the Sony designer Norio Ohga built him a slimmer version of the company’s Pressman cassette-tape player.
The Walkman in Paris in 1988.  Frédéric Reglain/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images
The result was introduced in Japan on this day 40 years ago as the Sony Walkman, weighing in at less than a pound (the Pressman weighed 3.8 pounds).
The device came to the U.S. in 1980 as the Sound-About. In Australia and Sweden, it was called the Freestyle, and in Britain it became the Stowaway.
But it was Walkman that stuck, and sales skyrocketed. In 1986, “Walkman” even entered the Oxford English Dictionary.
That’s it for this briefing. And, rabbit, rabbit! (That’s good luck in some parts of the world)
— Alisha
Thank you
To Mark Josephson and Eleanor Stanford for the break from the news. Victoria Shannon wrote today’s Back Story. You can reach the team at briefing@nytimes.com.
P.S.
• We’re listening to “The Daily.” Our latest episode is about inclusion and authenticity at New York City’s celebration of L.G.B.T.Q. Pride, the largest in the world.
• Here’s our Mini Crossword, and a clue: Focus of a manicure (5 letters). You can find all our puzzles here.
• The New York Times began publishing announcements of same-sex unions in September 2002, long before gay marriage was legally recognized in the United States.
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