2022年4月29日 星期五

The Daily: The Court and the Culture Wars

When "religious freedom" gets complicated.

The big idea: The court and the culture wars

The Daily strives to reveal a new idea in every episode. Below, we go deeper on one of those from our show this week.

In deciding Joseph Kennedy's case, the Supreme Court could make a major statement about the role religion may play in public life.Ruth Fremson/The New York Times

A complicated legal case has been reduced to a provocative headline: "Can a public high school coach pray publicly?"

The takes were just as hot in reply. "Jesus said to pray in a 'closet,' not on the 50-yard line," read an op-ed in The Los Angeles Times, while The Atlantic implored: "Let Coach Kennedy Pray."

The Supreme Court's ruling in Kennedy v. Bremerton School District will likely be another firebomb fanning the culture-war flames. In a series of decisions on public funding for religious schools, same-sex foster parenting and public health exemptions during the pandemic, the court has moved "in the direction of a larger role for religion in public life," Adam Liptak, our legal correspondent, said on Wednesday's show.

But what are the long-term implications of this shift? And how is a "lopsided, supercharged six-justice conservative majority," as Adam described the current court, expanding the cultural and legal power of the religious right?

What is at stake in this ruling

The case in question asks whether the law permits Joseph Kennedy, a high school football coach in Bremerton, Wash., to pray on the field after football games. The Supreme Court's conservative majority seemed to be searching on Monday for a narrow way to rule in favor of the coach.

Narrowly, this case is about the rights of government workers (in this case, a public school coach) to free speech and the free exercise of their faith. But it's also a case that will have spillover effects for other legal questions, including: When is a government official acting as a state representative, and when are they acting as an individual? What constitutes religious coercion? And just how separated should church and state really be?

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"The court is moving in the direction of and of encouraging religion to enter the public square and to infuse government. And there never has been a period since the 19th century when the court was that willing to just let the wall of separation between church and state down," Laurence Tribe, a professor of constitutional law at Harvard, said.

Who could come out ahead

The recent run of victories for claims of religious freedom in the Supreme Court have mostly involved Christian groups. That is a change from an earlier era, a recent study found, when the court's rulings tended to protect minority religions and dissenting Christian denominations. (And the court's track record in cases involving Muslim plaintiffs is decidedly mixed, most notably because it rejected a challenge to former President Donald J. Trump's ban on travel from several predominantly Muslim countries.)

"While other [religious groups] may be collateral beneficiaries, the Christians are the primary beneficiaries and that allows them to essentially dictate the terms of their engagement with culture," Robert Tuttle, a professor of law and religion at George Washington University, said.

What could the long-term implications be?

Experts say a conservative majority on the court has emboldened conservative legislators and activists on the religious right to be more strident on multiple issues, including abortion, gun rights, affirmative action and voting rights. As Stuart Stevens, a longtime Republican strategist and Trump critic, told The Morning, "Many in the party see that they no longer need to pretend and they can go back to voicing what they really believe."

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While conservatives are celebrating their majority on the court, some experts question whether this string of rulings will actually be a long-term victory for religious freedom.

"I think initially, the court's direction will be seen by the religious right as a validation of its central place in American politics. But in the long run, I think religious people generally may come to regret what happens when they become so intertwined with the political ascendancy of the right," Mr. Tribe said. "Religious and political or governmental institutions should stay as far apart as possible if the society is not to tear itself apart.

"Because the winds of politics don't follow any particular theology or scripture," he said. "You know, if you ride the back of the tiger, you may end up inside."

From the Audio team: Your Weekend Playlist

Molly Shannon is known for her plucky, determined characters — a spirit that's vivid in her new memoir.Chantal Anderson for The New York Times

This month, as ever, the narrated articles team has been hard at work taping journalists from across the newsroom to bring their journalism to audio. As we prepare to round out this month, here is a selection of some of our best profiles for your weekend playlist. Enjoy.

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The Wolf of Crypto: In the 1990s, Jordan Belfort had a debauched career in high finance, which was immortalized in his tell-all book "The Wolf of Wall Street," and Martin Scorsese's 2013 film of the same name featuring Leonardo DiCaprio. Now, he is turning his attention to a thoroughly modern financial pursuit: NFTs and cryptocurrencies.

The Unsinkable Molly Shannon: Molly Shannon is more knowing than her oblivious characters, but she shares their determination to forge ahead happily no matter the circumstances. That spirit is vivid in her new memoir, "Hello, Molly!" But before readers get to picturesque tales of her upbringing and career, they must first follow her account of one of the darkest days of her life: a car accident that devastated her family.

Richard Linklater and Sandra Adair: "Apollo 10½: A Space Age Childhood" is the 20th feature film that the director and writer Richard Linklater has worked on with Sandra Adair, his longtime editor. The movie's release marked 30 years since the pair embarked on what is among the most enduring collaborations in American movie history.

Valerie Lemercier's Journey to the Center of Celine: Valérie Lemercier's new film — which is kooky, heartfelt and loving — is about an endearingly quirky, mega-famous Canadian belter. Her hits include "My Heart Will Go On" and "The Power of Love." She was happily married to her much older manager. The film's protagonist is not Celine Dion, but Aline Dieu.

On The Daily this week

Monday: A look at efforts to reform traffic stops, and how they might be stymied by the rise in violent crime.

Tuesday: How an obscure Florida lawsuit could endanger the C.D.C.'s ability to intervene in future health crises.

Wednesday: The Supreme Court will soon decide a case that could make a major statement about the role religion may play in public life.

Thursday: Around 60 percent of Americans have had Covid. What does that mean for the future of the pandemic?

Friday: The risks of the United States new, more aggressive stance toward Russia and the war in Ukraine.

That's it for the Daily newsletter. See you next week.

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2022年4月27日 星期三

The T List: Mother’s Day Gift Guide

A collection of Italian recipes, printed tablecloths, summer sandals — and more.

Welcome to the T List, a newsletter from the editors of T Magazine. This week, we've turned it into a Mother's Day gift guide, with recommendations on what we're coveting for ourselves and considering for our maternal figures. Sign up here to find us in your inbox every Wednesday. And you can always reach us at tlist@nytimes.com.

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Recipes From the Italian Countryside

Left: Amber Guinness's book "A House Party in Tuscany," $50, thamesandhudsonusa.com. Right: a spring feast at Arniano.Left: courtesy of Thames & Hudson. Right: © Saghar Setareh

By Gisela Williams

T Contributing Editor

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It was nostalgia for her mother's cooking and memories of her parents' boisterous dinner parties that led the British-born artist and chef Amber Guinness, who grew up on a secluded 18th-century farm near Siena, Italy, to start the Arniano Painting School on the family property with her friend, the British artist William Roper-Curzon. While Roper-Curzon teaches landscape painting to artists of all levels of ability, Guinness keeps the students happily fed with fresh, flavorful versions of the dishes she first learned to cook from her mother, which she often serves al fresco in the estate's gardens. Those recipes are collected in Guinness's first cookbook, "A House Party in Tuscany," out this week in the U.S., and include the hearty comfort food — like artichoke and béchamel pie, and spinach and ricotta malfatti — her guests clamor for. Her sister does, too. "Claudia is always asking me for Mama's recipes," says Guinness with a laugh, "so now I can just tell her to look in the book."

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A Show of Flowers That Never Wilt

From left: Abbie Zabar's "Zinnias, in a Glass Jar, 4.26.21" (2021) and "Forced Lily-of-the-Valley, in Terracotta Pot, 4.25.18" (2018), eerdmansnewyork.com.Courtesy of the artist

By Rima Suqi

T Contributor

"I do not like grand flower arrangements," proclaims the artist Abbie Zabar. "I love drawing simple flowers that are not pompous, that you pick up at the local bodega and throw into an empty pickle jar." Her colored-pencil drawings of this style of flora, daffodils, hyacinth and mums housed in jars, inexpensive vases or, in one case, a chipped creamer, are featured in "Bodega Bouquets," an exhibit at Eerdmans gallery in New York. Those familiar with Zabar's work (aside from that in the culinary sphere — she co-founded E.A.T., the venerable gourmet shop and cafe, with her ex-husband, Eli Zabar) may be surprised at the pivot from her previous floral obsession: Every week for a decade starting in 1995, she sketched the decidedly not-simple bouquets that greet visitors in the Great Hall at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. When Zabar, who is also an avid gardener, is asked to name a preferred image from the show, she demurs. "No favorites," she says. "Though I do like the weedy-looking ones." "Bodega Bouquets" is on view through May 26.

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COVET THIS

Pear-Shaped Gemstone Jewelry

Six different pear-cut precious stones set in custom gold lozenges, foundrae.com.Courtesy of Foundrae

The New York-based fine jewelry brand Foundrae, which was started by the wife-and-husband duo Beth and Murat Bugdaycay in 2015, has developed a cult following among men and women alike for its variety of vintage-inspired 18-karat gold chains, pendants and medallions (as well as for its colorful enamel pieces and cigar band-style rings). Customizable details — an initial here, an engraving there — make these objects feel intensely personal, modern heirlooms to keep forever. Until now, Foundrae had steered clear of using larger gemstones, instead incorporating a small diamond or two for subtle sparkle. But starting this month, alongside a new collection of medallions representing the state of reverie, the line is offering pear-shaped diamonds, emeralds, rubies and sapphires, each in a burnished gold lozenge setting. "I was thinking about love and how there's no such thing as a perfect pair," says Beth, explaining how hard it can be to match two pear-cut stones, the difficulty an apt metaphor for the quest for true love. With Mother's Day around the corner, perhaps some of us — many of Foundrae's customers shop for themselves these days — might like to set together a diamond and a sapphire in tribute to one of life's most enduring bonds.

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Vivid Prints by Dries Van Noten

Left: silk ikat dress, $1,380; bracelet, $415. Right: silk blazer, $2,275; shirt, $1,190; silk pants, $1,275, mytheresa.com.Bruna Kazinoti

By Iva Dixit

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Since the 1980s, the Belgian designer Dries Van Noten has worked closely with various Indian weavers and textile artisans, and twice during his visits to the country has witnessed the aftermath of Holi, the Hindu festival of spring, during which streets, walls, buildings and even pigeons are smattered with diffuse neon pigments. It was those scenes of riotous color — fuchsia stained with green, coral crossed with light blue — and a desire to support his Indian partners after their businesses were impacted by the country's Covid-19 spike last year, that led the designer, an expert colorist, to create a new ready-to-wear collection. Their hand-woven and hand-embroidered fabrics appear on caftans sprinkled with summer flowers, malachite green silk pants and a silk ikat suit in delphinium purple, which are available exclusively on Mytheresa — and sure to delight a mother with a taste for glamour.

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Minimalist Ceramics

A selection of ceramic vessels from Co's collaboration with artist Victoria Morris, co-collections.com.Scott West

By Zoe Ruffner

T Contributor

In 2019, Stephanie Danan and Justin Kern — the married co-founders behind Co, the women's wear line known for effortless separates and voluminous silhouettes — introduced Galerie Co, an online platform offering vintage home accents. This month, they are adding their first original pieces: ceramic vessels created in collaboration with the Los Angeles-based artist Victoria Morris. "Everything we sell on the site is quite rare and one-of-a-kind," says Kern. "It was exciting to find a contemporary who's carrying on that tradition with California pottery." The works were inspired by Co's showroom in the Hollywood Hills, the noteworthy Hendershot House, designed in 1962 by modernist architect Richard Neutra, which Morris describes as "a really controlled space surrounded by this wild nature"; the variegated green tones found on a volcanic-glazed vase recall the lush foliage in Co's backyard. Display-worthy as the ceramics may be, Morris insists that they are made to be used. "I envision them at a dinner party or family gathering," she says, "and hopefully being passed on to the next generation."

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Block-Printed Table Linens

From left: Stamperia Bertozzi's Dominote and Peony print tablecloths, cutterbrooks.com.Mike Garlick

After decamping from the city over a decade ago for a quieter life with her family on a farm in England, the writer and former fashion director at Barneys New York Amanda Cutter Brooks couldn't help returning to the world of retail with an eponymous shop in the Cotswolds. The store carries a range of fetching home goods sourced from around the world, all of which make for lovely gifts: mouth-blown glass tumblers in shades of olive or amber, Indian cotton nightshirts and ceramic serving platters from Hungary. A sweet pick for a mother might be Cutter Brooks's exclusive table linens from Stamperia Bertozzi, a century-old, family-owned company in Emilia-Romagna that produces its wares the old-fashioned way — made to order and block-printed by hand with vegetable-based dyes from recipes passed down through three generations. The tablecloths with tiny strawberries and winding roses are sweet, but we're particularly fond of Bertozzi's print of oversize peach peonies on a crosshatched background. The napkins look like something from nonna's cabinet, and are perfect for a summer table.

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Sporty Summer Shoes

Clockwise from top left: Hermès, $1,000, (800) 441-4488; The Row, $990, therow.com; Suicoke, $145, ssense.com; Loeffler Randall, $195, loefflerrandall.com; Loro Piana, $1,325, loropiana.com; Celine by Hedi Slimane, $920, celine.com.Courtesy of the brands

The concept for Teva, the brand of functional sport sandals with a rubber base and Velcro straps, came to Grand Canyon river guide Mark Thatcher in the early 1980s as he struggled to find proper footwear for water activities. While outdoorsy types, like my camping-obsessed mother, have worn them ever since, the highly practical style has in recent years appeared on runways: The spring/summer 2022 Hermès version is a light flatform grounded by the luxury brand's trademark hardware, while The Row sent out a sandal with a molded leather footbed and foam midsole as part of its pre-fall 2022 collection. The Japanese label Suicoke has gained fans for its performance sandals, particularly the fast-selling collaborations with brands like Bape and Doublet, the most recent of which featured animal-print straps. Particularly playful is an iteration from the New York label Loeffler Randall, which is dressed up with a pretty raffia bow.

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